Eixample Barcelona is defined by long straight streets, a rigorous grid pattern crossed by broad opportunities, and square obstructs with chamfered corners (called illes in Catalan, manzanas in Spanish). This was a visionary, pioneering design by Ildefons Cerdà, who considered traffic and transport together with sunshine and ventilation in creating his particular octagonal blocks, where the streets broaden at every intersection producing higher visibility, much better ventilation and (today) some short-stay parking space.
The grid pattern remains as a hallmark of Barcelona, however a lot of his other provisions were disregarded: the 4 sides of the blocks and the inner area were constructed instead of the prepared two or 3 sides around a garden; the streets were narrower; just one of the two diagonal opportunities was carried out; the inhabitants were of a greater class than the mixed structure dreamed of by Cerdà. The important needs of the residents were incorporated into his plan, which called for markets, schools, hospitals every so lots of blocks.
Some parts of the Eixample Barcelona were influenced by Modernista architects, chief among whom was Antoni Gaudí. His work in the Eixample consists of the Casa Milà (nicknamed La Pedrera) and the Casa Batlló, both of which are on the wide Passeig de Gràcia, as well as the Sagrada Família. Other architects who made extremely considerable, and definitely more various, contributions to providing the Eixample its characteristic appearance include Josep Puig i Cadafalch, Josep Domènech i Estapà, Josep Vilaseca i Casanovas and perhaps above all Enric Sagnier i Villavecchia, accountable for an overall of over 500 structures in the city (not all of them in the Eixample).
The Casa Terrades, much better understood as Casa de les Punxes, is a magnificent structure brimming with Mediaeval allusions that stands at the junction of Av. It was built in 1903-5 by the Modernista architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch, who utilized Nordic Gothic and Spanish Plateresque resources side by side, along with conventional Catalan concepts.
The Casa Batlló belongs to a block called the Illa de la Discòrdia, along with 2 other noteworthy Modernista works, Lluís Domènech i Montaner’s Casa Lleó Morera and Josep Puig i Cadafalch’s Casa Amatller. The block is so called due to the visual clash in between the structures; its Spanish name, Manzana de la Discordia, is likewise a pun on Eris’s Apple of Discord – manzana indicates both “apple” and “city block”.
Eixample Barcelona is mostly known for its modernist architecture, also called Art Noveau – you may also find a wide selection of top-notch bars, restaurants and shops. Make sure to visit Enrique Granados Street, which in our opinion is one of the most beautiful streets in Barcelona, with many small and pleasant restaurants.
In the area west of Enrique Granados you also find Barcelona’s largest gay community called Gayxample with its many bars, restaurants and nightclubs. Gayxample stretches from Enrique Granados to Comte d’Urgell.